One of our workers has been taking photos of a co-worker and giving them to their section manager to prove that the worker’s output is of poor quality. This is causing unreasonable pressure on the photographed worker. Is this workplace bullying?
If the photographing occurs on more than one occasion or is part of a broader pattern of behaviour directed towards the worker, it could constitute workplace bullying.
Workplace bullying is defined under the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) (FW Act) as repeated unreasonable behaviour towards a worker that creates a risk to health and safety. Bullying behaviour may be either intentional or unintentional.
Workplace bullying may give a worker a right to make an application to the Fair Work Commission for a stop bulling order under the FW Act.
If the worker being photographed does have quality issues with their work, some form of performance management may be warranted. However, a performance management process may still give rise to bullying if the performance management actions are unreasonable.
Some of the relevant considerations to determine whether performance management action is reasonable includes:
- the impact of the performance management action on the worker;
- the way the performance management action has been carried out (such as whether the action is consistent with workplace policies and procedures); and
- the circumstances that have led to the performance management action.